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محبت به عیسی مسیح - شبهه دوم آیا خداوند بنی اسرائیل را بر جهانیان بر تر معرفی کرده است؟

شبهه :  موضوع "برتری بنی اسرائیل" بر جهانیان در قرآن

یَا بَنِی إِسْرَائِیلَ اذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَتِیَ الَّتِی أَنْعَمْتُ عَلَیْكُمْ وَأَنِّی فَضَّلْتُكُمْ عَلَى الْعَالَمِینَ ( سوره مبارکه بقره آیات 47 و 122 )

اى بنى‏اسرائیل یاد آرید نعمت مرا كه به شما دادم و آنکه شما را بر جهانیان فضیلت دادم ‏

پاسخ  :  بطور خلاصه کلمه ( برتری ) ترجمه مناسبی برای کلمه ( فضیلت ) نیست.

 چنانچه میدانیم  کلمه ( برتری ) تداعیگر مفاهیمی مانند  سرتر بودن-  بالا تر بودن - سروری -  استیلا -  احاطه  و نظایر اینهاست...

حال آنکه  کلمه  فضل  به معنای فزونی یا  ویژگی  است ...

برابر آیاتی از قرآن کریم خداوند به  بنی اسرائیل (  نوعی ویژگی خاص ) یا نوعی از ( دارایی ) عطا فرموده است . که به سایر عالمیان آن نوع ویژگی خاص ( یا دارایی )  را عطا نفرموده است ...

نکته مهم اینکه داشتن هر نوع ویژگی یا ( ویژگی خاص ) مطلقا به مفهوم  داشتن هر نوع  برتری یا ( امتیاز خاص ) نیست . لذا هیچگونه احترامات خاص یا حقوق خاص را نیز ایجاب نخواهد کرد .

اما اینکه آن ویژگی کدامست ؟ با توجه به آیات فوق و نیز آیات 20 و 21 سوره مبارکه مائده بنظر میرسد  این ویژگی ناشی از نعمتی منحصر به فرد است که خداوند به آنها ارزانی داشته بوده است .

وَإِذْ قَالَ مُوسَى لِقَوْمِهِ یَا قَوْمِ اذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَةَ اللّهِ عَلَیْكُمْ إِذْ جَعَلَ فِیكُمْ أَنبِیَاء وَجَعَلَكُم مُّلُوكًا وَآتَاكُم مَّا لَمْ یُؤْتِ أَحَدًا مِّن الْعَالَمِینَ 20  یَا قَوْمِ ادْخُلُوا الأَرْضَ المُقَدَّسَةَ الَّتِی كَتَبَ اللّهُ لَكُمْ وَلاَ تَرْتَدُّوا عَلَى أَدْبَارِكُمْ فَتَنقَلِبُوا خَاسِرِینَ 21

و هنگامى كه موسى به قوم خود گفت اى قوم من نعمت خدا را بر شما به یاد آرید هنگامى كه در شما پیمبرانى قرار داد و شما را ملوک گردانید و به شما آنچه را که به كسى از جهانیان نداد ارزانى داشت ‏ ( 20) ای قوم من  به سرزمین مقدسى كه خدا براى شما نوشت در آئید وبر پشتهاى خود برنگردید تا زیانكاران‏ بازگردید (21)

نکته : بدیهیست هر گونه فضیلت به دست خداوند خالق قادر متعال بوده و آنرا به هر کس که خود بخواهد اعطا میکند لذا هر گونه رشک یا چون و چرای بندگان کاری ناصواب خواهد بود .

...أَنَّ الْفَضْلَ بِیَدِ اللَّهِ یُؤْتِیهِ مَن یَشَاء وَاللَّهُ ذُو الْفَضْلِ الْعَظِیمِ ( سوره مبارکه حدید آیه 29 )

...فضل در دست خداست‏ به هر كس بخواهد آن را میدهد، و خدا داراى فضل بسیار است‏.

وَلاَ تَتَمَنَّوْاْ مَا فَضَّلَ اللّهُ بِهِ بَعْضَكُمْ عَلَى بَعْضٍ .... ( سوره نساء آیه 32 )

 و آنچه را خداوند به آن‏، بعضى از شما را بر بعضى دیگر فضیلت داده آرزو مكنید ...

ضمن اینکه قران زبان سرزنش گونه زیادی در باره بنی اسراییل به خاطر ناسپاسی و نافرمانیشهایشان دارد


 


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